Saturday, June 20, 2020

Policy Regulations for Uber and Taxi Industry - 2200 Words

Policy Regulations for Uber and Taxi Industry (Research Paper Sample) Content: Policy Regulations for Uber and Taxi Industry Student's Name: Institution Affiliation: Policy Regulations for Uber and Taxi Industry The rise of Uber has put the taxi industry in a severe crisis. The industry once dominated the transportation market. But now the emergence of Uber as the most successful ride-sharing firm poses a huge threat to the taxi industry. The transportation market has been the stronghold of the taxicabs, but now they are facing a possible elimination. What makes Uber more successful is the integration of the mobile app technology that enables the consumer to share information with the driver. The firm has gained a huge market share since it was started in 2009 (Kamga, Yazici, & Singhal, 2015). The state legislatures and the local governments in the United States have implemented laws to regulate Uber and the taxi industry. Issues that Uber encounters with the Taxi Industry Uber is a technology firm that offers to ride-sha re services to more than 58 countries around the world. Besides, it provides platforms where independent contractors and riders can link up with the use of an app. The firms have experienced a rapid success since it was initiated. This is because their services cost less than those of the traditional taxis. Their effective and cost efficient services have created a stiff competition for other firms with similar services. However, challenges have always emerged in the form of social and technical, legal and technical hindrances. For instance, there has been a major standoff between the traditional taxi industry and Uber (Khirkam & Lien, 2016). The biggest issues faced by Uber and the taxi industry concerns the legal action. This includes protection and safety of the customers, driver information, rider and driver security and an adequate insurance coverage (Syvret, 2016). The government needs to address this critical factors so as to prevent a standoff between the two industries. Th e enactment of effective policies will help in reducing internal struggles that Uber and the taxi industry faces. The taxi sector argues that Uber has an unfair advantage. These allegations are based on the notion that Uber is not confronted with the same licensing requirements as the taxi sector. Moreover, some indict Uber of not vetting their drivers which lead to potentially unsafe situations for the customers. In fact, some major cities have outlawed the ride-sharing services such as Uber due to different concerns (Schneider, 2015). The firms have also been faced with various litigations including one filed by its independent contractors. The conflicts between the two sectors have forced the government to come up with news policies to regulate them. Uber has been highly commended for enabling the independent contractor to earn more money with their cars. Besides, the consumers are offered convenient means of getting around at an affordable cost. It is evident that the ride-share services have outshined the traditional taxi industry (Sun & Edara, 2015). As a result, the taxi sector has always strived to keep up with the new competition. The surge pricing technique has been severely criticized for imposing higher fares during peak hours. Government reaction and regulation of the taxi industry Taxis and hire cars are among the most regulated industries in the United States. The government implemented entry restrictions to this industry. There are some primary requirements that a firm must meet so as to operate the taxi and car hire services. These regulations are meant to limit competition. Therefore, all the states are required to review their rules. These restrictions are justified on the need to enhance safety. The regulatory restrictions have significantly reduced competition for the taxi operators (Kamga, Yazici, & Singhal, 2015). Besides, it has enabled them to come up with incentives for innovation and exploration of new means of cutting costs and offe ring better services for customer satisfaction. The government has achieved the regulation means through certification schemes for these industries. The presence of Uber in the market has forced the legislators to draft new policies to govern this ride sharing system. These policies is always an obstacle to the expansion of a company because of the resource that must spend so as to submit with the regulatory requirements. On the other hand, the taxicab industry is regulated by different policies (Rauch & Schleicher, 2013). Therefore, the expansion opportunities have significantly been limited by the government regulations. Regulation has been a major challenge for Uber and the Taxi industry. These firms have been subjected to more legitimate and regulatory requirements same as other businesses. Taxi Lobbies have continuously pressurized their governments to ban Uber in various cities (Schneider, 2015). They assert that Uber has completely disabled their business. Besides, their dri vers are no subjected to similar restrictions as the licensed taxi drivers (Schneider, 2015). As a result, the government has been forced to implement effective policies that will help in ensuring that the firms are provided with an equal platform to conduct their businesses. In fact, some cities have completely blocked the expansion of Uber businesses. The regulations enacted by the government aims at ensuring that the firms adhere to proper safety standards in transportation. Another policy enacted is the safe ride checklist which requires customers to confirm the license plate number. Besides, it provides for verification of the driver's name and appearance before boarding the vehicle. The regulations require that the firms should have a team of safety experts to vet the drivers. This policy is aimed at ensuring that the customers are provided with safe rides (Schneider, 2015). It is a required that all the vehicles that carry out the taxi services be properly insured. The insur ance cover is mandatory for the driver and riders safety. Despite Uber being successful in some countries, various countries have regulatory hindrances that have curtailed the successful operation of Uber services. The biggest obstacle is a failure to issue out licenses for Uber services. However, the taxi industry in these countries are fully protected and are quickly issued out with licenses. This law mandates that the driver should have healthcare insurance. Besides, there should be training programs to enhance driving skills, decrease liability for insurance costs and minimize risks from negligent drivers (Yang, Wong, & Wong, 2002). As a result, the law ensured that these firms operate in safe situations. Uber and the taxi industry are now regulated by similar policies of taxi safety and quality-related regulations. These laws are aimed at enhancing consumer safety, driver safety and service quality. The consumer safety policy comprises driver's training requirements, roadworth iness tests, and maximum vehicle ages. The driver safety entails the provision of in-cab cameras and protective screens. While improving the quality of service include driver's background check (Sun & Edara, 2015). Besides, the vehicles are supposed to meet a specified minimum safety level set by the government. Government regulation policies The role of regulation is to specify the minimum safety standards required for the taxis. This is because the passengers have limited ability to evaluate the mechanical conditions of the taxis. The government has come up with well-targeted safety regulations that are backed up by an appropriate framework of enforcement and sanctions (Syvret, 2016). This system applies to all the ride-sharing companies and the private car owners. The Uber are also subjected to the regulations that require vehicles to be roadworthy. However, the fare regulation does not apply to both Uber and taxi industry. This has led to a stiff price competition. Most cabs se em to charge a maximum allowable fare. Uber has a standard fare that is set depending on the distance traveled (Syvret, 2016). The use of mobile app technology enables the company to establish the prices for their services. The policies on hire cars have an entry restriction that is based on the total number of cars. Uber services are more of car hire than the taxi. Therefore, their argument is that they cannot be subjected to the same policies that govern the taxicab industry. Another policy is compensation which entails cash transfers to the losers. Some taxi companies have event taken the approach of lobbying. This is a legislative plan aimed to urge the legislatures to enact laws that would subject Uber and other ride-sharing companies to the same regulations governing the taxi industry (Syvret, 2016). The main reason why the government regulates transportation service sector is to enhance public safety. The standard taxi policies are considered as anticompetitive. However, gov ernment impose licensing fees and requires an additional permit for picking up airport passengers. The regulations protect the passengers in different ways. First, the passengers are sure on the fare that they will pay. This is because all fares are indicated on the taxi cab meter. The conditions of the vehicle must pass the physical inspection carried out on an annual basis. The regulatory framework that was set by the government varied depending on the location. However, many cities share similar regulations. Most of these cities use the medallion system to regulate the taxi industry. This system requires that a cab driver should lease a medallion to operate. Apparently, many cities have limited the supply of the medallions so as to regulate the industry further. For instance, New York City has about 13,437 taxis in operations with licensed medallions (Kamga, Yazici, & Singhal, 2015). Other policies include criminal background checks and fare structures. Before, the rise of Uber , the Taxi industry was willing to adhere to ...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Dartmouth LGBT Students

Dartmouth LGBT Students September 15, 2012 Dartmouth College is a trailblazer for LGBT students. Dartmouth LGBT students will have an affinity house by 2013 or 2014. Dartmouth, a university that ranks among the most welcoming to LGBT students and faculty, is moving ahead with plans to build the house. Money has been set aside for the project from the schools capital budget. Its a project that was championed by former Dartmouth president Jim Yong Kim (who is now the president of the World Bank) and spearheaded by Pam Misener, the Office of Pluralism and Leaderships longtime but outgoing advisor to LGBTQA students. While there was already a room devoted to the LGBT community at Dartmouth (in Robinson Hall), this affinity house marks a major accomplishment for Misener in setting out to be a leader among American universities with regard to LGBT inclusivity. The LGBT community at Dartmouth College is a vibrant one, one that grows stronger each and every year. With this house, Pam Misener has most certainly left her mark on the community. At a school where just about 50% of students are members of fraternities and sororities (although most dont live within the fraternity and sorority houses), this gives LGBT students another option to become part of a community that welcomes and embraces them. We salute Dartmouth College for continuing to trail-blaze the landscape of LGBT rights. It is truly inspirational and other universities should follow in its example. While youre here, check out this post on LGBT Friendly Colleges.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Main Aspects Of Wellness Should Be Promoted For Sally

Nowadays, increased number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes may develop several significant complications. These complications can be classified as microvascular disease like retinopathy, nephronpathy, neuropathy and macrovasular disease, such as severe cardiovascular disease. (Forbes Cooper, 2013). According to Sally’s condition, her health has been affected by neuropathy, which is leg ulcer. This essay will be focused on one symptom which is leg ulcers that had very serious impacts to Sally’s and her husband’s life. For example decreased mobility, increased pain when walking, affected relationship between them. Five aspects related to leg ulcers will be discussed: firstly, primary health care in relation to leg ulcers; secondly, the reasons of why two main principles of wellness should be promoted for Sally will be explained; thirdly, the morbidity and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes will be stated; additionallyï ¼Å'learning program for sally will be introducedï ¼â€ºlastlyï ¼Å'grief and bereavement process will be explained to support her husband. Primary health care (PHC) has been defined by the Australia Primary Health Care Nursing Association (APNA) as an initial level of health care related to individuals, families and communities. In Australia, personal careï ¼Å' health promotion, illness prevention and the development of community all included in primary health care. According to APNA (2012), there are five principles also should be interrelated, these are â€Å"equity,Show MoreRelatedFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pageswritten permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, website www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774, (201)748-6011, fax (201)748-6008, website http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. To order books or for customer service please, c all 1-800-CALLRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesHall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Editor in Chief: Eric Svendsen Acquisitions Editor: Kim Norbuta Editorial Project Manager: Claudia Fernandes Director of Marketing: Patrice Lumumba Jones Marketing Manager: Nikki Ayana Jones Senior Marketing Assistant: Ian Gold Senior ManagingRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services: Ashley Santora Acquisitions Editor: Brian Mickelson Editorial Project Manager: Sarah Holle Editorial Assistant: Ashlee Bradbury VP Director of Marketing: Patrice Lumumba Jones Senior Marketing Manager: Nikki AyanaRead MoreHbr When Your Core Business Is Dying74686 Words   |  299 Pages ©2006 Chevron Corporation A l rights reserved APRIL 2007 Features 58 What Your Leader Expects of You Larry Bossidy A longtime CEO reveals the behaviors that leaders should look for in their subordinates – behaviors that drive individual as well as corporate performance and growth – and what those subordinates should expect in return. 58 66 Finding Your Next Core Business Chris Zook It may be hidden right under your nose. Here’s how to evaluate your current core and where to lookRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words   |  1422 Pageslicense. Library of Congress Control Number: 2006933904 Student Edition: ISBN-13: 978-0-495-11873-2 ISBN-10: 0-495-11873-7 ââ€"   To my nephews, Jesse and Luke Smidt, who bet I wouldn’t put their names in this book. R. P. ââ€"   To my wife, Sally, and my daughter, Anna C. O. ââ€"   To Carol, Allie, and Teri. J. D. ââ€"   About the Authors puter Teacher of the Year award in 1988 and received the Siemens Award for Advanced Placement in mathematics in 1999. Chris is a frequent contributor

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Poverty Of Americ Born With A Wooden Spoon - 885 Words

In the documentary â€Å"Poverty in America: Born with a Wooden Spoon† we get an in depth look about what it is like to live in poverty in America. In the early moments of the documentary we are informed that the poor people of America are a diverse group of people. These people can be put into sub group and each of them has certain different characteristics. The first and most obvious group is the homeless or otherwise known as the urban poverty. These people are scattered around inner cities and it is very easy to see how hard their life is and what kind of struggle they are going through. The next group is the group of situational poverty. Situational poverty comes about when something abrupt occurs in someone’s life that causes him or her to be forced into poverty. Examples of this can be divorce, losing ones jobs, or sudden illness. Another different kind of poverty is the working class poverty. These are the people that have jobs but make so little that they canno t get themselves above the poverty line. Next are immigrants they provide cheap necessary labor for the country to flourish but yet they are still consider to be apart of poverty. They often do not even work for themselves, they leave their homelands and live on their own just so they can get jobs to send back money home to their families. The middle class can also have people in poverty. They try to cover it up by getting themselves into loads of credit card debt and eventually fall below the poverty line to the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

American Literature MGRP Part 1 Author Research Paper on...

Saul Bellow is one of the greatest influential authors in American literature. His emotions and point of view during and after WWII impacted American society during the late 1900’s. Bellow created an mental and physical images, illustrating the social and political injustices of the Holocaust as well as illustrating the American life after WWII through the eyes a Russian-American man. Saul Bellow uses his writing to describe his life and help people find their purpose and meanings in the world. Although he lived through parts of the Great Depression; WWII impacted his writing career the most. Solomon Bellows was born to Russian immigrant parents in Lachine, Quebec, Canada on June 10, 1915 and died on April 5th, 2005 in Brookline, Massachusetts (1), just two years after his parents had emigrated from St. Petersburg, Russia (6). He was the youngest of four children to his father, Abraham, and his mother, Liza (3). Bellow had two sisters and one brother (6). He was raised in Montreal (3) and moved to Chicago in 1924 (2). First he lived the slums on St. Dominique Street. His father, Abraham, blamed himself for the family’s poverty (6). Although he didn’t want Saul to see any of it, Saul still saw violence and sexual activities in the neighborhood (6). In Lachine, a medieval ghetto, Bellow learn to speak Hebrew, Yiddish, French, and English (6). Bellow spent one year in the Royal Hospital, in the Tuberculosis section although he claims he didn’t had Tuberculosis, and had nothing

Police History Paper - 1117 Words

Abstract Starting In 1829, Sir Robert Peel began developing his theory of policing. These nine principles are as relevant today as they were in the 1800s. Peel established the Metropolitan Police when he served as Home Secretary of England. Since Sir Robert Peel introduced his principles of policing in the early 1800s, our country has continued to follow his ideas of effective policing. Community policing is based on Peels concept of prevention. According to one of Peel’s principals, the real key for policing is The police are the people and the people are the police. Peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens. Sir Robert Peels first principle was that, â€Å"The basic†¦show more content†¦By providing adequate training on the use of force and having the publics trust and respect can ensure that force is only used to the extent necessary. When individuals have little or no respect towards the police, they are most likely to ignore the requests or demands of officers. This can lead to the officer having to use force in order to gain control of a situation. Peel felt that â€Å"The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it.† (Westminster Police Department, 2012) When police are faced with dispersing large crowds, it is necessary for the public to have the respect to follow police orders. When individuals lack trust and respect for the police, riots may occur, which can also lead to arrests, serious injuries, and even death. Sir Robert Peels principles and Community Policing go hand in hand and share the same concepts and goals in policing. One of the distinct similarities between Peels approach and Community Policing is that prevention of crimes is the number one priority. I believe that Peel felt morals played an important role in effective policing. It is important that police officers think things through and have the best interests in mind before making decisions. Peel’s principals â€Å"Police seek and preserve public favour not by catering to public opinion but by constantly demonstrating absolute impartial service to the law†,Show MoreRelatedHistory of Police1058 Words   |  5 PagesThe history of Police Paper Samuel G. Gilley CJA/214 – Introduction to Police Theory and Practices June 10, 2012 Judith Brodsky Abstract This paper is about the history of police in America. This paper will describe the impact of Sir Robert Peel on American policing. Also, it will discuss the different stages of police in America. In addition, it will analyze the relationship between the government and the policing organizations throughout the United States. Read MoreSir Robert Peel Paper920 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The job of a police officer is very difficult, it has evolved from just an ordinary individual with no experience and no uniform that kept watch of live stock by walking at night with fire torches to an individual that needs to be able to function under pressure patrolling the streets of our communities in uniforms with a marked vehicle and not to mention to receive income for their services. Police has evolved overtime; in this paper I will describe the impact of Sir Robert PeelRead MoreCultural Considerations1618 Words   |  7 PagesCultural Considerations AJS/504 July 27, 2015 University of Phoenix Cultural Considerations This paper is going to discuss different culture concerns, and what the influences are in today’s society within the criminal justice system. Also, this paper will talk about how to attend to different culture concerns, security administration, and how influences affect the criminal justice system. Some of the other points that are going to be touched up on are contemporary methods that are used inRead MoreCultural And Managerial Issues That Plague The Virtual Police Department1081 Words   |  5 PagesThe purpose of this paper is to identify the historical, cultural and managerial issues that plague the Virtual Police Department. This paper is to identify the issues and to come up with possible solution for the department. This paper will show four problem and solution from professional development and training, leadership and management, personnel administration and operations. I will show crime statics, trends and patterns of the crimes that have been reported to the polic e. It will show whereRead MoreEssay on Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation1584 Words   |  7 PagesCriminal Justice Trends Evaluation Paper Jerry J Lynch Jr February 20, 2012 CJA/394 - Contemporary Issues and Futures in Criminal Justice Darren Gil, Faculty University of Phoenix Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation The criminal justice field is an ever evolving field. As today’s technology changes so does the way the criminal justice field interacts with that technology. As our society changes the technology that we use will also be altered to fit the situation. The barriersRead MoreSir Robert Peel Essay example691 Words   |  3 PagesSir Robert Peel Paper Sir Robert Peel, Britain’s home secretary felt that preventing crimes and reforming criminals would have a more positive effect on society rather than punishing them (Williams) 2003. This research paper will describe how policing was handled in the early centuries as opposed to policing in America today. This research paper will explain the impact that Sir Robert Peel had on American policing. In the early centuries criminals were punished quite differently. Up until the lastRead MoreA Brief Note On The Australian Federal Police989 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The Australian Federal Police (AFP) was formed on October 1979 as a response to bombing on Sydney Hilton hotel (AFP, 2015). Throughout the decades, Australian Federal Police has evolved greatly. With emphasis on values like integrity, commitment, excellence, accountability, fairness, trust, and respect. AFP’s main task it to protect people of Australia (AFP, 2015). However, there has been many cases where police members are acting with no sense of fairness to the people. People ofRead MoreThe Conflict Of Police Brutality And Racial Profiling858 Words   |  4 Pagesthe prominent conflict of African American males and police officials in Western nations, focusing directly on the American South. In the late 1920’s African Americans in the U.S.A, were hopeful that their struggle against racism was nearing a successful conclusion with the start of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People). For many years, especially for people not of colour, r acism, racial discrimination and police brutality were â€Å"hidden† from the mainstream media. ThoughRead MoreCrime in Victorian London1449 Words   |  6 Pageshigh crime rate and being the home of multiple notorious serial killers, like Jack the Ripper. London was also overpopulated which some think might be the cause of the high crime rate. Though Urbanization did have an affect on crime,an incompetent police force and a media that glamorized crime also contributed to the high crime rate. Before the industrial revolution, most of Britains population lived and worked on farms, but skilled laborers and artisans were an important part of Britains economyRead MoreRoles and Responsibilities of Public Policing vs. Private Security1652 Words   |  7 Pagesof Public Policing vs. Private Security ASJ-502 February 6, 2012 Abstract This paper explores the similarities and differences of public police and private security throughout history. How the criminal justice system and public police and private security are linked to each other. The essential policies that have been developed and how these police have assisted in the cooperation between police and private security. Finally, the need for a comprehensive security plan will be discussed

Feelings presented in dreams Essay Example For Students

Feelings presented in dreams Essay During the night of July 23-24, 1895, Freud dreamed a historic dream. He called it Irmas Injection. Four years later, Freud concluded that dreams are wish fulfillments. This was the first dream he had submitted to a detailed interpretation (Gay, P. 1998). Freud was living at Bellevue, a resort villa in a Vienna suburb, at the time of the dream. He was very hard at work when this dream occurred. The dream was of family news and professional concerns. It was a large hall in which we were receiving many guests, among them Irma, a friend of the family. A young lady I had been treating psychoanalytically (Gay, P. 1998). Freud reproaches her for not accepting his solution and tells her that if she still has pains, it is your fault. She replies that the choking pains in her throat, stomach, and abdomen are more severe than of what he knows. Freud studies her and wonders if he has not perhaps overlooked some organic ailment. He looks down her throat and finds a white patch and some grayish scabs formed like the turbinal bones of the nose. The dream scene then grows crowded with physician-friends of Freuds; Oscar Rie, Breuer, and Fliess. Somehow all these doctors, except for Fliess, proved to have been responsible for Irmas persistent pains. He dreams that Rie has thoughtlessly given Irma an injection with a syringe that was not clean Freud interpreted a lot from this dream. I will not claim that I have completely uncovered the meaning of this dream or that its interpretation is without gaps (Gay, P. 1998). He recalled the reception of guests as an anticipation for his wifes birthday party. The chemical trimethylamin that was used reflected on his friend, Fliess theories about sexual chemistry because the dream involved a woman. The unclean syringe showed his excessive pride in the way he carefully kept his syringes clean. He concluded that the dream can be labeled as, worry over health, ones own and that of others, and a doctors conscientiousness (Strachey, J. 1968). The burden of the wish the dream portrayed was that Irmas suffering should be truly seen as not his fault but the fault of others. H. Interpretation of Dreams A survey was completed in Ms. Melvilles second period class, consisting of twenty-three students and Ms. Melville. Eighty-eight percent stated that they dreamed of kissing someone or being kissed by someone. Kissing someone is interpreted as suggesting an acceptance of that person as potentially a new relationship. It can also mean that you are seeking to develop a quality belonging to that other person in yourself. Being kissed by someone indicates that you are appreciated and loved for yourself. A single kiss, an example is a kiss on the forehead, symbolizes a blessing of a spiritual kind. Kissing a dead person is an omen for a long happy life. On the other hand, kiss a baby and something you thought was difficult will go well. I. Why are Dreams Forgotten? Most people take very little interest in their dreams. Anyone who pays attention to their dreams over a period of time will have more dreams than usual. It means memory of dreams is easier (Strachey, J. 1968). Only the things that are odd and stand out in dreams are remembered. When a dream is forgotten in the morning, it may never be recollected during the course of the day. It is important to remember all details to make out what the true meaning of the dream might be. Twenty-nine percent of the class stated that they remember their dreams, while 67% said that they dont, and 4% said that dreams are sometimes remembered. J. Conclusion Many psychologists believe that feelings presented in dreams usually a single emotion such as fear, anger, or joy may play a role in the brains ability to handle various tasks in life. Hidden feelings are often surfaced, which helps people to understand themselves better. When we understand our dreams we can understand ourselves. This is the significance of dreaming. Therefore, contrary to some belief, dreaming can be very meaningful.